The best way to keep track of your validator's status is using the
beaconcha.in explorer (click on the orange magnifying glass at the very top and paste in your validator's public key):
If you deposit after the genesis state was decided, your validator(s) will be put in a queue based on deposit time, and will slowly be inducted into the validator set after genesis. Getting through the queue may take a few hours or a day or so.
On startup, you should see a log message that reads
Local validator attached. This has a
pubKey field which should the public key of your validator.
Check that Nimbus has recognised your external IP properly. To do this, look at the end of the first log line:
Starting discovery node","topics":"discv5","tid":2665484,"file":"protocol.nim:802","node":"b9*ee2235:<IP address>:9000"
<IP address> should match your external IP (the IP by which you can be reached from the internet).
Note that the port number is displayed directly after the IP -- in the above case
9000. This is the port that should be opened and mapped.
To keep track of your sync progress, pay attention to the
Slot start messages in your logs:
INF 2021-05-24 14:53:59.067+02:00 Slot start topics="beacnde" tid=3485464 file=nimbus_beacon_node.nim:968 lastSlot=1253067 wallSlot=1253068 delay=67ms515us0ns peers=22 head=eb994064:90753 headEpoch=2836 finalized=031b9591:90688 finalizedEpoch=2834 sync="PPPPPDDDDP:10:15.4923:7.7398:01d17h43m (90724)"
peerstells you how many peers you're currently connected to (in the above case, 35 peers)
finalizedtells you the most recent finalized epoch you've synced to so far (the 8765th epoch)
headtells you the most recent slot you've synced to so far (the 2nd slot of the 8767th epoch)
synctells you how fast you're syncing right now (
15.4923blocks per second), your average sync speed since you stared (
7.7398blocks per second), the time left until you're fully synced (
01d17h43m) how many blocks you've synced so far (
90724), along with information about 10 sync workers linked to the 10 most performant peers you are currently connected to (represented by a string of letters and a number).
The string of letters -- what we call the
sync worker map (in the above case represented by
wPwwwwwDwwDPwPPPwwww) represents the status of the sync workers mentioned above, where:
s - sleeping (idle), w - waiting for a peer from PeerPool, R - requesting blocks from peer D - downloading blocks from peer P - processing/verifying blocks U - updating peer's status information
The number following it (in the above case represented by
10) represents the number of workers that are currently active (i.e not sleeping or waiting for a peer).
Note: You can also use you the RPC calls outlined in the API page to retrieve similar information.