In order to process incoming validator deposits from the eth1 chain, you'll need to run an eth1 client in parallel to your eth2 client.
Validators are responsible for including new deposits when they propose blocks. And an eth1 client is needed to ensure your validator performs this task correctly.
On this page we provide instructions for using Geth (however, any reputable eth1 client should do the trick).
Note: If you're running on a resource-restricted device like a Raspberry Pi, we recommend setting up a personal Infura endpoint instead as a stop-gap solution. As it stands it may be a little complicated to run a full Geth node on a Pi (and light mode doesn't give you the deposit data you need).
In the medium term (3-6 months), we expect someone (perhaps us) will build a thin layer on top of plain Eth1 header-syncing light clients to address this issue. Specifically, what's missing is a gossip network broadcasting deposit proofs (i.e. deposits and corresponding Merkle proofs rooted in Eth1 headers). When that happens, you should be able to swap out Infura.
However, if you have a > 500GB SSD, and your hardware can handle it, we strongly recommend running your own eth1 client. This will help ensure the network stays as decentralised as possible.
Once you have geth installed, use the following command to start your eth1 node:
geth --goerli --ws
--wsflag is needed to enable the websocket RPC API. This allows Nimbus to query the eth1 chain using Web3 API calls.
Let it sync - Geth uses a fast sync mode by default. It may take anywhere between a few hours and a couple of days.
N.B. It is safe to run Nimbus and start validating even if Geth hasn't fully synced yet.
You'll know Geth has finished syncing, when you start seeing logs that look like the following:
INFO [05-29|01:14:53] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=2 mgas=0.043 elapsed=6.573ms mgasps=6.606 number=3785437 hash=f72595…c13f23 INFO [05-29|01:15:08] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=3 mgas=0.067 elapsed=7.639ms mgasps=8.731 number=3785441 hash=be7e55…a8c1c7 INFO [05-29|01:15:25] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=21 mgas=1.084 elapsed=33.610ms mgasps=32.264 number=3785442 hash=fd54be…79b047 INFO [05-29|01:15:42] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=26 mgas=0.900 elapsed=26.209ms mgasps=34.335 number=3785443 hash=2504ff…119622 INFO [05-29|01:15:59] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=12 mgas=1.228 elapsed=22.693ms mgasps=54.122 number=3785444 hash=951dfe…a2a083 INFO [05-29|01:16:05] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=3 mgas=0.065 elapsed=5.885ms mgasps=11.038 number=3785445 hash=553d9e…fc4547 INFO [05-29|01:16:10] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=0 mgas=0.000 elapsed=5.447ms mgasps=0.000 number=3785446 hash=5e3e7d…bd4afd INFO [05-29|01:16:10] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=1 mgas=0.021 elapsed=7.382ms mgasps=2.845 number=3785447 hash=39986c…dd2a01 INFO [05-29|01:16:14] Imported new chain segment blocks=1 txs=11 mgas=1.135 elapsed=22.281ms mgasps=50.943 number=3785444 hash=277bb9…623d8c