Make a deposit for your validator
To make a deposit, you will need to generate keys then submit a deposit transaction to the execution chain.
The process of setting up a validator is also documented at the Ethereum launchpad site:
Use Prater to stress test and future proof your set up against peak mainnet load. See here for all you need to know.
1. Download the deposit tool
Start by downloading and unpacking the deposit tool provided by the Ethereum Foundation:
# Enter the nimbus folder cd nimbus-eth2 # Make sure to get the latest version from the download page wget https://github.com/ethereum/staking-deposit-cli/releases/download/v2.2.0/staking_deposit-cli-9ab0b05-linux-amd64.tar.gz # Unpack the archive tar xvf staking_deposit-cli-9ab0b05-linux-amd64.tar.gz --strip-components 2
2. Generate keys
You can increase the security of this process by downloading a Live linux image. To do so, copy
deposit to a USB stick, boot into the live image, and run the tool from inside the image.
Make sure you don't enable Wifi and unplug any Ethernet cables when using this process.
The deposit tool generates a seed phrase, and uses this to create validator and withdrawal keys.
If you lose you seed phrase and your withdrawal key, your funds will be lost forever!
3. Make the deposit
Once created, the keys are used to create a deposit transaction on the Ethereum execution chain. Follow the instructions here to upload the deposit data.
If you are making a mainnet deposit make sure you verify that the deposit contract you are interacting with is the correct one.
You should verify that the address is indeed: 0x00000000219ab540356cBB839Cbe05303d7705Fa
Once you send off your transaction(s), your validator will be put in a queue based on deposit time.
Getting through the queue may take a few hours or days (assuming the chain is finalizing).
No validators are accepted into the validator set while the chain isn't finalizing.
Pending Validators metric on the beaconcha.in will give you the size of the queue.
With the keys created, you're ready to perform the key import.